Construction industry before and after pandemic

EOI: 10.11242/viva-tech.01.04.154

Download Full Text here


Mr. Vivek vijay Urmaliya, Mr. Akash babaji vanjare, Mr. Rahul sijayee pal, Shankar bhimrao tambe, "Construction industry before and after pandemic", VIVA-IJRI Volume 1, Issue 4, Article 154, pp. 1-5, 2021. Published by Computer Engineering Department, VIVA Institute of Technology, Virar, India.


Since the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the coronavirus2019 (COVID-19) outbreak as a pandemic, many countries have declared a complete national lockdown after a remarkable spike in COVID 19 cases. These decisions have restricted the movement of people and resulted in a complete shutdown of many businesses across many sectors. The construction industry, as a significant growth driver of the economy with no exception, has also been completely shut down. All the developments and projects were postponed until further notice. It is, therefore, a prudent to address the impact of the pandemic at the outset and end of the crisis to prepare for any future possibility and gain lessons for plans. This study aims to investigate the effect of COVID 19 on the construction industry’s survival. The impacts and fallout have been determined and evaluated through the recruitment of construction experts and practitioners. The impacts have been classified into different groups which include economic, human resources. The study implied two methods include exploratory interviews and questionnaire surveys. The study found the most prominent impacts of COVID 19 are the suspension of projects, labour impact and job loss, time overrun, cost overrun, and financial implications. The findings of this study shed light on the consequences of the sudden occurrence of pandemic and raise awareness of the most critical impacts which can’t be overlooked. The findings also help project stakeholders to realise the sequences of the sudden epidemic and prepare for the worst-case scenario during the planning stage of the construction projects. The problem for the construction and engineering sector in India is aggravated and difficult to address as there is no standard form or format for contracts followed by the industry.To say that the companies engaged in the construction and engineering sector, would be affected due to the current unprecedented situation would be an understatement. The various restrictions put in place by the Governments to control the effects of the virus may trigger shortage of raw material and manpower, disrupted supply chain, further creating handicaps in performing contractual obligations. Contraction in consumption demand should be the least of the worries for the sector. Some elements in construction and engineering are imported from countries, which may be more badly affected, creating a domino effect on the entire sector.




  1. “ Dr.YaserGamil and AbdulsalamAlhagar"The of pandemic crisis the survival of construction industry:A case of COVID-19"faculty of civil and environmental engineering .(
  2. SPOTLIGHT Savills Research "Covid-19: Building again-Brick by Brick.
  3. WorkwickMckibbin and Roshen Fernando,2March 2020,"The Global macroeconomic impact of COVID-19 seven scenarios" pandemic , infectious, disaster,riskmacroeconomics,DSGE,CGE,G-Cubed. (
  4. JONES DAY ,One firm Worldwide ,White paper "Construction projects and Disputes:ALook Beyond the COVID-19 Lockdown" may 2020.
  5. Economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on East African economic summary of government intervention measures and Deloitte insights may2020.
  6. Gleeds"Indian Construction costs "A Biannual Review ,July 2020.
  7. Cody Bon ,DandQuan Brian Goldberg and victor calonogPhD"Downturn Construction Delay and the COVID-19 pandemic"Analysis 27may 2020.
  8. Emily Bohannon "The Affects of Covid-19 on the Commercial Construction Industry in California:A case study.
  9. The Asia foundation SAGAR PRASAI PHD “The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on NEPAL’S construction sector: A RAPID ASSESSMENTS, may2020.
  10. FERNADES N(2020) , Economic effect of corona virus outbreak (COVID-19) on the world economy. Available at SSRN3557504.
  11. Real time data show virus hit to global economic activity” 22march 2020. Archived from the original on 22 March 2020.Retrieved 29March 2020.